To investigate, research and the practice of reducing the effects of harmful and destructive unwanted fires.
Fire protection for property whether it commercial, industrial or residential is generally split into three different categories and these are:-
Active Fire Protection
Active fire protection is a system or systems that require an effect and a change in order for the system to respond in an active manner and alert the presence of or suppress a fire. Three typical examples of these are fire sprinklers, fire extinguishers and smoke/heat detectors. They each require a fire to start before they are called into action and respond or are manually made to respond in the case of fire extinguishers. These systems are vital to halting the spread of and suppressing a fire and must be inspected and maintained in accordance to the relevant code of practice or British Standard.
Passive Fire Protection
Passive fire protection measures consist of fixed structural elements that can contain a fire or drastically reduce the speed of fire spreading, these include things like doors, ceilings, walls and floors. In residential property fire doors are generally fire resistant for 30 minutes or 1 hour and are fitted with intumescent strips with smoke seals and door closers. Fire rated doors, walls, ceilings and floors are used to compartmentalize property in order to slow the spread of fire or in some cases stop the fire from spreading from one compartment to another. Passive fire protection used along side active fire protection systems like fire sprinklers and smoke alarms can be a very effective in saving lives and property.
It is imperative that tenants and all residents at any particular time are fully aware of the fire escape plan and that the escape route is kept clear at all times. Residents should be fully informed of what active fire protection is in place and what to do if they operate, if extinguishers are present residents should be shown how to use them and when to use them. Landlords and building operators should complete a fire risk assessment and update annually at the very least taking into account of any changes in layout or resident. More on escape plans and fire risk assessments can be found on the Fire Safety page and Fire Prevention page.